9 Summary

Now you will be very familiar with cardiovascular diseases, their development and their diagnosis. You will also know their treatment and many of the cardiovascular disease risk factors – what they are and how they can be influenced positively to minimise cardiovascular diseases. You will understand the overall importance of a balanced diet, regular exercise and weight management (guided by adiposity measurements) throughout life, to maintain cardiac and vascular health. You will also be able to explain the negative effect of behaviours such as smoking and drinking too much alcohol. You should have an appreciation of the ‘bigger picture’ and see how all these factors combine to influence our cardiovascular health that in itself will affect our relationships and our daily lives, at home and at work.