4 Petroleum production
4.2 Development options
The approach to field development is as varied as petroleum accumulations themselves, so what follows is a brief summary. Most major petroleum field development projects in the 1990s and early 21st century were located offshore, and often presented the challenge of very deep water (over 1500 m) and elevated reservoir temperatures and pressures. One reason for long-term optimism about the future of the petroleum industry lies in its growing ability to access remote and difficult resources safely. The pace of technological innovation is rapid, and that emphasises why the perception of global petroleum resources and reserves will always change; what is inaccessible today may not be tomorrow.
Various deep-water development systems are illustrated in the animated sequence below. The sequence is best viewed in a new window (click on the link below).
Now try this short quiz. Again, this is best viewed in a new window.