Evaluation Of Models Of Abnormality

Matching exercise

Match the items on the right to the items on the left.

1. (Weakness) Ethical issues, the emphasis on early childhood may result in parental blame.
2. (Strength) Positive ethical issue, it removes blame from the person, it is not their fault..
3. (Strength) It gives people the power to change and increases their self-believe.
4. (Strength) It is succesful in treating specific phobias.
5. (Weakness) If a person sees themselves as a patient, and not in control, they will often not behave in an adaptive way.
6. (Strength) This model identifies childhood experiences as having a role in adult disorders.
7. (Weakness) The focus on the symptoms rather than the cause of the symptoms, may deal with real problem, and it may come back in different form.
8. (Weakness) It is unclear if negative thinking is often the cause of a disorder, it may just be a result of it. E.g. depression might cause someone to think negative
9. (Weakness) By focusing on the symptoms, less attention is paid to the patient's feelings, experinces, and life events as possible causes.
10. (Strength) The patient is not seen as a victim of an illness, rather the result of experience.
11. (Weakness) There is an overemphasis on the patient's past rather than their current problems.
12. (Weakness) By exaggerating the importance of the environment it minimises the role of biological factors such as genetics
13. (Strength) This model is supported by the study of Little Albert (The White Rat)
14. (Strength) This model is supported by the case study of Anna O, who could not drink, beause as a child she witnessed a dog drink from her mums glass.
15. (Strength) This model is supported by Holland et al study, which found MZ twins had a 55% concordance for Anorexia.
16. (Weakness) Is it right to question someones negative beleifs, if their life events support a negative view of the world.
17. (Strength) The model works well for treating anxiety disorders, but has limited value in treating schizophenia