Characteristics of an Absolute definition of poverty
- Based on the belief that all human beings have the same basic needs.
- Poverty involves a lack of resources to meet such needs
- Physical needs are usually seen as the most important for example food, clothing and shelter
Although there are problems with an absolute definition of poverty it has been very influential in social policy and laws relating to poverty
- Sir William Beveridge who chaired the committee which led to the establishment of the Welfare State used Rowntree's poverty line as the basis of his proposal for National Assistance) now called Jobseeker's Allowance.
- Beveridge proposed that National Assistance would provide a minimum income for those unable to cover the cost of essentials.