Social Policy - Laws relating to poverty
The Poor Laws were much hated, and much of the development of social services in the 20th century - including national insurance, means tests and health care - were framed to avoid having to rely on them.
The modern welfare state was created largely as a result of the recommendations of civil servant Sir William Beveridge in 1942. Beveridge was asked to outline some policies that would eradicate poverty and inequality in Britain . He identified five evils that the government needed to tackle. They were,
- Idleness (unemployment),
- Want (poverty),
- Squalor (housing),
- Disease (health)
- Ignorance (education).
There follows five responses that the government took to eradicate or minimize the evils that Beveridge identified.