3.1 Administrative Geographies.
Image 4: Here each of the 4 council areas shown: West Lothian, City of Edinburgh, Midlothian and East Lothian serve a different set of communities.
Provide a means of grouping people and the locations in which they live for the administrative purposes. This might include the collection of revenue by the state such as the collection of council tax or the delivery of local government services to a population. People live in particular locations and hence individual councils serve specific sets of people located in specific geographical locations. The area of authority - the geography that the council collects local taxes from or provides service to is defined by a geographical boundary.
Scottish Council Areas are one example of administrative geographies. Other examples include Unitary Authorities and Borough Councils. The local government geography of Scotland as represented by council areas is straightforward, that of England is less so. Take a look at this interactive element. This describes the administrative geography of the UK and how it has changed over time.