2 Geography in the ESRC Census Programme

The ESRC census programme provides access to different types of census data and is made up from a number of data support units. Each data support unit has expertise and responsibility for a specific type of data within the wider census programme. Let’s look at the role of geography in the datasets provided by a number of these data support units.

  1. Census Area Statistics provided by the Census Dissemination Unit at MIMAS through Casweb interface.

    Example: record from 2001 Census Area Statistics (Table KS001 Usual resident population) at Census Output Area level

    Zone Code

    Census Variable ks0010001

    00EHNC0003 (A)

    295

  2. Digital Boundary datasets provided by UKBORDERS at EDINA through Boundary Data Selector interface.

    Example: record from ONS England_lsoa_2001 digital boundary dataset

    GEOEAST

    GEONORTH

    NAME

    LABEL

    506743

    264226

    Bedford 001A

    E01017540 (B)

    Example: record from GRoS Scotland_ca_2001 digital boundary dataset

    ONS_CODE

    NAME

    LABEL

    QP

    Edinburgh, City Of

    14 (C)

  3. Postcode Directory provided by Census Dissemination unit through GeoConvert, UKBORDERS through Postcode Directory Download / Postcode Data Selector

    Example: record from May 2009 NSPD postcode directory.

    PCD

    TTWA

    NUTS

    OACODE

    SOA1

    NG9 1PA (D)

    165 (E)

    UKF1601027 (F)

    37UDGD0018 (G)

    E01028085 (H)

  4. Census Interaction Data provided by CIDER through the WICID.

    Example: 1991 SWS Set C Origin to Destination Matrix (Transport to Work by Rail) using 1991 Standard Region Geography

    Origin/Dest

    North (I)

    Yorkshire and (J)Humberside

    East  (K) Midlands

    East (L) Anglia

    South East (M)

    North

    445

    27

    4

    8

    51

    Yorkshire and Humberside

    15

    1755

    38

    12

    77

    East Midlands

    1

    61

    523

    27

    504

    East Anglia

    2

    4

    11

    261

    744

    South East

    9

    19

    43

    106

    58513

    Even from this small sample of data we have reference to a set of diverse geographies:

  1. 00EHNC0003 – 2001 Census Output Area
  2. E01017540 – Lower Layer Super Output Area
  3. 14 – Council Area
  4. NG9 1PA – Postcode unit
  5. 165 – Travel To Work Area
  6. UKF1601027 – NUTS region
  7. 37UDGD0018 – 2001 Census Output Area
  8. E01028085 - Lower Layer Super Output Area
  9. North – 1991 Standard Region
  10. Yorkshire and Humberside – 1991 Standard Region
  11. East Midlands – 1991 Standard Region
  12. East Anglia – 1991 Standard Region
  13. South East – 1991 Standard Region

So we have 2001 Census Output Area, Lower Layer Super Output Area, Council Area, Postcode Unit, Travel To Work Area, NUTS region and standard region. But what are each of these geographies and what are the differences between them. This is the purpose of the contents of this module.